About Kashmir, where Muslims, Hindus and Buddhists live together, Mahatma Gandhi said in the face of the religious splitting up:
"If I see hope at all then it is Kashmir." But then, after the splitting up of India, it was exactly here, where a permanent conflict erupted.


Originally an independent principality, the former Hindustani maharadja signed at the 26th October 1947 the affiliation to the Indian Union as militants from Pakistan had overruned the country. Therewith Kashmir became the cue ball of two ideologies. Pakistan understands Kashmir, with its Islamic majority, as its natural heritage. And for India the affiliation of this region in the Himalaya is a proof of its enduring as a secularly state. None of the sides can afford to give in, and in this wrestling between the A-bomb powers most of the Kashmiris feel themselves abused and threatend from both sides. The daily war utters itself in skirmishes, shootings, suicide assassinations, rapes, slaied and vanished civilists, destroyedsanctuaries and an economy that lies on the ground. In five of the six wars between India and Pakistan it was campaigned for Kashmir. The result of the first Indian-Pakistani war is the splitting of Kashmir in one from Pakistan managed and one from India managed part with a frontier that is determined from the UNO. This frontier is tangent to the territories of Ladakh and Zanskar. For Zanskar this situation is in as much sensitive as the only road connection with the rest of the world leads through the Indian-Pakistani frontier town Kargil. After Indian information only 1999 the fights for Kargil demanded the lifes from 691 irregular fighters and pakistani soldiers as well as from 398 indian soldiers.